Belize is located on the northeastern coast of Central America, bordered on the north by Mexico, to the south and west by Guatemala and to the east by the Caribbean Sea. With less than 300,000 inhabitants, it is the least populated country in Central America. Because of its British colonial history it is also the only country in Latin America where English is the official language. Apart from English, creole and Spanish are commonly spoken.
Home to the second largest barrier reef in the world with over a 100 different types of coral and around 500 species of marine life, the string of numerous beautiful cayes (keys) and the unspoilt forests with amazing flora and fauna, Belize has grown into a major ecotourism (and diving) destination in the past decade. Belize City, once the capital of the former British Honduras, is the largest city in the country with a population of around 80,000 including its vicinity. The city is the country’s principal port and its financial and industrial hub. Several cruise ships drop anchor outside the port and are tended by local citizens.