Portugal has a great diversity with regards to culture and nature. Most tourism in mainland Portugal can be found around the capital and cultural city of Lisbon, along the Estremaduran coast and in the Algarve in the South, with its grottoes, beaches and resorts.
The country side is less crowded, taking you back in time with its castles, picturesque villages (Portugal’s has fourteen UNESCO World Heritage sites!) and its beautiful nature that is great for cycling and hiking.
The Archipelago consist of a chain of volcanic islands that belong to Portugal: the Azores (9 islands), and Madeira (5 islands), who are situated on the west in the Atlantic Ocean with a subtropical climate. Although being part of the European Union, Portugal is one of the poorest countries in Europe. About 10% of the population works in tourism, mostly in Lisbon, Porto and the Algarve.